What is the Kingdom of God?

There are many references to the Kingdom in Scripture and almost as many differing ideas about it. There are over 150 references to the Kingdom of God in the New Testament, and as many to ‘That Day’ in the Old Testament. Are these the same thing?

(All scriptures are from the NAS unless noted: some scriptures may indicate several verses but may only contain portions of these. You are encouraged to read all scriptures in their entirety. Hover your curser over scripture references in red for content.)

Abraham was chosen by God to start a special nation. The descendants to the promise God gave to Abraham are called Israelites. Most all the promises given in scripture about the Kingdom belong to the Israelites and those that join themselves to them. Because the nation of Israel had been unfaithful to God they were scattered to all the nations of the earth. During the Messianic age (the Kingdom) the nation of Israel will again be gathered together, from all the nations, as one nation to receive the promises made to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Then the promised blessings are to be extended to all the nations. Knowing this fact will help guide us through the prophecies in scriptures about the coming Kingdom.

I do not believe any individual has an exact outline of all the events leading up to, and occurring during the Kingdom. However we should be able to put some of the clear scriptures together to begin to get a better understanding about the coming kingdom of God. Most all scriptural references to the Kingdom indicate the Messianic reign of the Son of God, on earth. It all begins with the ‘Day of the LORD,’ this is the last, (7th ) day of God’s seven 1000 year plan for mankind [2Pe 3:8] (six 1000 years are at an end). This ‘day of the LORD’ starts when God executes His judgment upon rebellious mankind. The wrath poured out on the earth will be monumental; you can read about this in the book of the Revelation. Then the promised Messiah (Christ) will set up His glorious governmental reign over all the nations. Those who have been faithful and righteous will inherit new (spirit) bodies and be given positions in His government over the nation of Israel and all remaining nations of the earth.

What can we know about the Kingdom? (The time of Messiah’s earthly rule.)

1) His Kingdom will reign supreme. During the last days of man’s history Messiah will set up his government on this earth. He will put an end to all other kingdoms. [Daniel 2:44]

2) This will be an everlasting Kingdom. [Daniel 7:13-14] [Revelation 11:15-17]

3) He shall reign over all of the earth. [Revelation 19:11,16] [Zechariah 14:9]

Note! There is a difference between inheriting the Kingdom and being in the kingdom. The saints (those that belong to the Savior) will inherit the kingdom. These are the ones that will receive a new (spirit, everlasting) body and reign with Messiah, they will live forever. There will be millions, still human, unchanged, that will be subject to the righteous rule of Messiah and His saints. We will also find there will be millions resurrected.

4) The Saints will be in this Kingdom forever. [Daniel 7:18]

5) Before the Saints possess (inherit) the Kingdom there will be great tribulation. [Daniel 7:21-22]

6) There are two phases of the Kingdom. The first is the Messianic age called the Millennium or His reign for 1000 years. [Re 20:4] (Our points will focus on this Messianic time and be refer to it as ‘The Kingdom’.)

7) The Saints will reign with Messiah, upon the earth. [Revelation 5:10] [Revelation 20:4-6] [Daniel 7:27]

8) Satan will be bound during the Millennium. [Revelation 20:1-2]

9) The Kingdom of heaven mentioned in Matthew’s gospel is the same as the Kingdom of God. [Matthew 19:23-24]

10) Isaiah fore-told about the Messiah sitting on the throne of David. [Isaiah 9:6-7]

11) Yeshua (Jesus) will be King and rule over Israel, from Jerusalem. [Isaiah 24:23] [Isaiah 27:12-13] [Ezekiel 36:22-38]

12) The whole House of Israel will be physical humans over which Messiah’s government will rule. [Ezekiel 37:1-28] [Isaiah 26:19]

13) The two houses will be united during this time. [Ezekiel 37:15-23]

14) There are four basic elements of a Kingdom:

- A territory (the earth)

- A people (the physical inhabitants of the earth)

- A constitution or rules by which to govern (the Scriptures)

- An authority (King Messiah and His saints) [Daniel 7:13-14, 18]

15) There are other humans and nations on the earth during this time. [Ezekiel 36:36-38]

16) The scriptures in the Old Testament refer to this Messianic period usually as; ‘In those days,’ or ‘At that time,’ or ‘In that day.’ [Zechariah 14:9]

17) The disciples understood the restoration of the two houses of Israel. [Acts 1:6]

18) The blindness of Israel and the nations will be removed, Messiah will save mankind. [Isaiah 25:7-10] [Isaiah 32:1-5]

19) Yeshua preached the good news about the coming kingdom of God. [Matthew 4:23]

20) Yeshua said He came to gather all the lost sheep of the house of Israel (the northern ten tribes as well as the scattered Jews). [Matthew 15:24] [Matthew 10:6]

21) Israel’s scattering and re-gathering from the nations was prophesied during Moses’ time. [Deuteronomy 30:1-10]

22) David will again be king over Israel, forever. [Ezekiel 37:24-28] [Amos 9:11 ]

23) There will be different positions in the Kingdom. [Matthew 5:19]

24) Our focus is to be toward the Kingdom. [Matthew 6:33]

25) Not everyone will enter the kingdom. [Matthew 7:21]

26) Abraham, Isaac and Jacob will be there. [Matthew 8:11]

27) The saints will have spiritual bodies in the Kingdom. [Matthew 13:43] Also see 1 Corinthians 15.

28) We can know the character of those who will inherit (possess) the Kingdom. [Matthew 25:31-46]

29) Our Master will again observe the Passover with the saints in the Kingdom. [Mark 14:25]

30) The Kingdom of God was understood by many even Joseph of Arimathea. [Mark 15:43]

31) Right from conception Yeshua’s mission was announced. [Luke 1:30-33]

32) We are told to pray for the Kingdom to come. [Luke 11:2]

33) Some, at Yeshua’s time thought He was at that time going to establish the Kingdom, so He clearly told them about going away and then returning. [Luke 19:11-15]

34) Yeshua’s end-time prophecy in Matthew 24 and Luke 21 are quite clear. There will be the redemption of the saints at Messiah’s second coming, [Luke 21:27-28]

35) After the whole earth first suffers horrible trials and tribulation, then the Kingdom will come. [Luke 21:31, 35]

36) The disciples will rule over the twelve tribes of Israel. [Luke 22:29-30]

37) Yeshua was still emphasizing the Kingdom after His resurrection. [Acts 1:3]

38) Paul taught about the Kingdom and Yeshua from the Prophets and Moses. [Acts 28:23]

39) The unrighteous will not *inherit the Kingdom. (*2816 - to receive a part of, obtain by right of inheritance, to inherit, the portion assigned to one, to become partaker of) [Ephesians 5:5] [1 Corinthians 6:9-10] [Galatians 5:21]

40) Flesh and blood cannot inherit the Kingdom. [1Corinthians 15:50]

(The saints inherit the Kingdom forever, there will be those in the first phase of the Kingdom who are not spirit beings and have not as yet inherited the Kingdom.)

41) At the appearing of the Kingdom the judgment of the living and the dead will occur. [2Timothy 4:1]

42) Isaiah gives a glimpse of the tranquility that will exist during this Messianic age. [Isaiah 11:6-9] [Isaiah 35:9-10] [Isaiah 65:17-25]

43) The saints will inherit the Kingdom (given an incorruptible body) the rest of Israel will return to the land of the fathers. This return is known as the second exodus. [Isaiah 11:16] [Isaiah 57:13-14]

44) It is the time of restitution. There will then be priest and worshipers that come to Jerusalem (Mt. Zion). [Isaiah 52:7-8] [Isaiah 61:3-6] [Isaiah 66:20-23]

45) Many nations will at that time come to know and worship YHVH (the LORD). [Zechariah 2:11] [Isaiah 2:3] [Revelation 15:3-4] [Psalms 86:9]

46) There will be abundance and it will be like the Garden of Eden. [Zechariah 3:10] [Isaiah 4:2]

47) No more war. [Hosea 2:18]

48) The good news of the Kingdom shall be preached in the whole world … then the end shall come. [Matthew 24:14]

49) Must be born again to inherit the Kingdom of God. [John 3:3]

50) Yeshua’s Kingdom not of this *world (*2889 kosmos; order, government, the whole mass of men alienated from God, world affairs,…) [John 18:26]

51) The time of the Kingdom will be one of joy and light, no more tears or sorrow… [Isaiah 9:1-7]

52) The second phase of the kingdom will be:

A) New heavens and new earth where only holy beings dwell. [Revelation 21:1-8]

B) New Jerusalem [Revelation 21:10-12, 14, 16]

C) No temple then [Revelation 21:22-27]

D) The tree of life will be available to all [Revelation 22:1-5, 14]

Below, are more prophesies from Isaiah and Jeremiah, looking forward to the Kingdom.

You who are far away, hear what I have done; And you who are near, acknowledge My might." Sinners in Zion are terrified; Trembling has seized the godless. "Who among us can live with the consuming fire? Who among us can live with continual burning?" He who walks righteously and speaks with sincerity, He who rejects unjust gain And shakes his hands so that they hold no bribe; He who stops his ears from hearing about bloodshed And shuts his eyes from looking upon evil; He will dwell on the heights, His refuge will be the impregnable rock; His bread will be given him, His water will be sure. Your eyes will see the King in His beauty; ... Look upon Zion, the city of our appointed feasts; Your eyes will see Jerusalem, an undisturbed habitation, A tent which will not be folded; Its stakes will never be pulled up, Nor any of its cords be torn apart. But there the majestic One, the LORD, will be for us A place of rivers and wide canals On which no boat with oars will go, And on which no mighty ship will pass— For the LORD is our judge, The LORD is our lawgiver, The LORD is our king; He will save us— (Isaiah 33:13-22)

The wilderness and the desert will be glad, And the Arabah (plain, wilderness) will rejoice and blossom; Like the crocus It will blossom profusely And rejoice with rejoicing and shout of joy. The glory of Lebanon will be given to it, The majesty of Carmel and Sharon. They will see the glory of the LORD, The majesty of our God. Encourage the exhausted, and strengthen the feeble. Say to those with anxious heart, "Take courage, fear not. Behold, your God will come with vengeance; The recompense of God will come, But He will save you." Then the eyes of the blind will be opened And the ears of the deaf will be unstopped. Then the lame will leap like a deer, And the tongue of the mute will shout for joy. For waters will break forth in the wilderness And streams in the Arabah. The scorched land will become a pool And the thirsty ground springs of water; In the haunt of jackals, its resting place, Grass becomes reeds and rushes. A highway will be there, a roadway, And it will be called the Highway of Holiness. The unclean will not travel on it, But it will be for him who walks that way, And fools will not wander on it. (Isaiah 35:1-8)

"Do not call to mind the former things, Or ponder things of the past."Behold, I will do something new, Now it will spring forth; Will you not be aware of it? I will even make a roadway in the wilderness, Rivers in the desert. "The beasts of the field will glorify Me, The jackals and the ostriches, Because I have given waters in the wilderness And rivers in the desert, To give drink to My chosen people." The people whom I formed for Myself Will declare My praise. (Isaiah 43:18-21)

Break forth, shout joyfully together, You waste places of Jerusalem; For the LORD has comforted His people, He has redeemed Jerusalem. The LORD has bared His holy arm In the sight of all the nations, That all the ends of the earth may see The salvation of our God. Depart, depart, go out from there, Touch nothing unclean; Go out of the midst of her, purify yourselves, You who carry the vessels of the LORD. But you will not go out in haste, Nor will you go as fugitives; For the LORD will go before you, And the God of Israel will be your rear guard. (Isaiah 52:9-12)

"Arise, shine; for your light has come, And the glory of the LORD has risen upon you. "For behold, darkness will cover the earth And deep darkness the peoples; But the LORD will rise upon you And His glory will appear upon you. "Nations will come to your light, And kings to the brightness of your rising. "Lift up your eyes round about and see; They all gather together, they come to you. Your sons will come from afar, And your daughters will be carried in the arms. "Then you will see and be radiant, And your heart will thrill and rejoice; Because the abundance of the sea will be turned to you, The wealth of the nations will come to you. "A multitude of camels will cover you, The young camels of Midian and Ephah; All those from Sheba will come; They will bring gold and frankincense, And will bear good news of the praises of the LORD. "All the flocks of Kedar will be gathered together to you, The rams of Nebaioth will minister to you; They will go up with acceptance on My altar, And I shall glorify My glorious house. "Who are these who fly like a cloud And like the doves to their lattices? (Isaiah 60:1-8)

"Surely the coastlands will wait for Me; And the ships of Tarshish will come first, To bring your sons from afar, Their silver and their gold with them, For the name of the LORD your God, And for the Holy One of Israel because He has glorified you. "Foreigners will build up your walls, And their kings will minister to you; For in My wrath I struck you, And in My favor I have had compassion on you. "Your gates will be open continually; They will not be closed day or night, So that men may bring to you the wealth of the nations, With their kings led in procession. "For the nation and the kingdom which will not serve you will perish, And the nations will be utterly ruined. "The glory of Lebanon will come to you, The juniper, the box tree and the cypress together, To beautify the place of My sanctuary; And I shall make the place of My feet glorious. "The sons of those who afflicted you will come bowing to you, And all those who despised you will bow themselves at the soles of your feet; And they will call you the city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel. (Isaiah 60:9-14)

"Whereas you have been forsaken and hated With no one passing through, I will make you an everlasting pride, A joy from generation to generation. "You will also suck the milk of nations And suck the breast of kings; Then you will know that I, the LORD, am your Savior And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob. "Instead of bronze I will bring gold, And instead of iron I will bring silver, And instead of wood, bronze, And instead of stones, iron. And I will make peace your administrators And righteousness your overseers. "Violence will not be heard again in your land, Nor devastation or destruction within your borders; But you will call your walls salvation, and your gates praise."No longer will you have the sun for light by day, Nor for brightness will the moon give you light; But you will have the LORD for an everlasting light, And your God for your glory. "Your sun will no longer set, Nor will your moon wane; For you will have the LORD for an everlasting light, And the days of your mourning will be over." Then all your people will be righteous; They will possess the land forever, The branch of My planting, The work of My hands, That I may be glorified. "The smallest one will become a clan, And the least one a mighty nation. I, the LORD, will hasten it in its time." (Isaiah 60:15-22)

The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, Because the LORD has anointed me To bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to captives And freedom to prisoners; To proclaim the favorable year of the LORD And the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who mourn, To grant those who mourn in Zion, Giving them a garland instead of ashes, The oil of gladness instead of mourning, The mantle of praise instead of a spirit of fainting. So they will be called oaks of righteousness, The planting of the LORD, that He may be glorified. (Isaiah 61:1-3)

I will rejoice greatly in the LORD, My soul will exult in my God; For He has clothed me with garments of salvation, He has wrapped me with a robe of righteousness, As a bridegroom decks himself with a garland, And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels. For as the earth brings forth its sprouts, And as a garden causes the things sown in it to spring up, So the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise To spring up before all the nations. (Isaiah 61:10-11)

Go through, go through the gates, Clear the way for the people; Build up, build up the highway, Remove the stones, lift up a standard over the peoples. Behold, the LORD has proclaimed to the end of the earth, Say to the daughter of Zion, "Lo, your salvation comes; Behold His reward is with Him, and His recompense before Him." And they will call them, "The holy people, The redeemed of the LORD"; And you will be called, "Sought out, a city not forsaken." (Isaiah 63:10-12)

Words from Jeremiah

"But the time is coming," says the LORD, "when people who are taking an oath will no longer say, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who rescued the people of Israel from the land of Egypt.’ Instead, they will say, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the people of Israel back to their own land from the land of the north and from all the countries to which he had exiled them.’ For I will bring them back to this land that I gave their ancestors. "But now I am sending for many fishermen who will catch them," says the LORD. "I am sending for hunters who will search for them in the forests and caves. (Jeremiah 16:14-16)

For I know the plans I have for you," says the LORD. "They are plans for good and not for disaster, to give you a future and a hope. In those days when you pray, I will listen. If you look for me in earnest, you will find me when you seek me. I will be found by you," says the LORD. "I will end your captivity and restore your fortunes. I will gather you out of the nations where I sent you and bring you home again to your own land." (Jeremiah 29:11-14)

"For in that day, says the LORD Almighty, I will break the yoke from their necks and snap their chains. Foreigners will no longer be their masters. For my people will serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them. (Jeremiah 30:8-9)

"In that day," says the LORD, "I will be the God of all the families of Israel, and they will be my people. I will care for the survivors as they travel through the wilderness. I will again come to give rest to the people of Israel." Long ago the LORD said to Israel: "I have loved you, my people, with an everlasting love. With unfailing love I have drawn you to myself. I will rebuild you, my virgin Israel. You will again be happy and dance merrily with tambourines. Again you will plant your vineyards on the mountains of Samaria and eat from your own gardens there. The day will come when watchmen will shout from the hill country of Ephraim, ‘Come, let us go up to Jerusalem to worship the LORD our God.’" (Jeremiah 31:1-6)

"The time will come," says the LORD, "when I will greatly increase the population and multiply the number of cattle here in Israel and Judah. In the past I uprooted and tore down this nation. I overthrew it, destroyed it, and brought disaster upon it. But in the future I will plant it and build it up," says the LORD. "The people will no longer quote this proverb: ‘The parents eat sour grapes, but their children’s mouths pucker at the taste.’ All people will die for their own sins—those who eat the sour grapes will be the ones whose mouths will pucker. "The day will come," says the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah. This covenant will not be like the one I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and brought them out of the land of Egypt. They broke that covenant, though I loved them as a husband loves his wife," says the LORD. "But this is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel on that day," says the LORD. "I will put my laws in their minds, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. And they will not need to teach their neighbors, nor will they need to teach their family, saying, ‘You should know the LORD.’ For everyone, from the least to the greatest, will already know me," says the LORD. "And I will forgive their wickedness and will never again remember their sins." (Jeremiah 31:27-34)

I will surely bring my people back again from all the countries where I will scatter them in my fury. I will bring them back to this very city and let them live in peace and safety. They will be my people, and I will be their God. And I will give them one heart and mind to worship me forever, for their own good and for the good of all their descendants. "And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, promising not to stop doing good for them. I will put a desire in their hearts to worship me, and they will never leave me. I will rejoice in doing good to them and will faithfully and wholeheartedly replant them in this land. (Jeremiah 32:37-41)

"Nevertheless, the time will come when I will heal Jerusalem’s damage and give her prosperity and peace. I will restore the fortunes of Judah and Israel and rebuild their cities. I will cleanse away their sins against me, and I will forgive all their sins of rebellion. Then this city will bring me joy, glory, and honor before all the nations of the earth! The people of the world will see the good I do for my people and will tremble with awe! (Jeremiah 33:6-9)

"The day will come, says the LORD, when I will do for Israel and Judah all the good I have promised them. At that time I will bring to the throne of David a righteous descendant, and he will do what is just and right throughout the land. In that day Judah will be saved, and Jerusalem will live in safety. And their motto will be ‘The LORD is our righteousness!’ (Jeremiah 33:14-16)

And I will bring Israel home again to her own land, to feed in the fields of Carmel and Bashan, and to be satisfied once more on the hill country of Ephraim and Gilead. In those days," says the LORD, "no sin will be found in Israel or in Judah, for I will forgive the remnant I preserve. (Jeremiah 50:19-20)

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